Virtue the acquiring of wealth philosophy

And so the man who has been educated in a subject is a good judge of that subject, and the man who has received an all-round education is a good judge in general.

First, then, let us consider this, that it is the nature of such things to be destroyed by defect and excess, as we see in the case of strength and of health for to gain light on things imperceptible we must use the evidence of sensible things ; both excessive and defective exercise destroys the strength, and similarly drink or food which is above or below a certain amount destroys the health, while that which is proportionate both produces and increases and preserves it.

philosophical questions about money

Similarly, in facing situations that arouse anger, a virtuous agent must determine what action if any to take in response to an insult, and although this is not itself a quantitative question, his attempt to answer it properly requires him to have the right degree of concern for his standing as a member of the community.

Aristotle turns therefore, in X. These controversies cannot be discussed here, but should be mentioned. Further, men seem to pursue honour in order that they may be assured of their goodness; at least it is by men of practical wisdom that they seek to be honoured, and among those who know them, and on the ground of their virtue; clearly, then, according to them, at any rate, virtue is better.

But Aristotle gives pride of place to the appetite for pleasure as the passion that undermines reason.

philosophy money and happiness

What Greek women thought of this belief is impossible to say. Happiness is the perfection of human nature.


Nonetheless, true to his own Nonconformist Calvinist background, Locke also held that if people lived providently without the desire for luxuries then wealth would be increased even more.

In fact it is not until the midth century that organized attempts to gain the right to vote for women really get underway, and even today in the 21st century there are still many countries which deny women the right to vote or participate in political life.

Philosophers on money

The significant change in human communities, however, comes when a number of villages combine to form a city. The same is true of appetites and feelings of anger; some men become temperate and good-tempered, others self-indulgent and irascible, by behaving in one way or the other in the appropriate circumstances. But the intermediate relatively to us is not to be taken so; if ten pounds are too much for a particular person to eat and two too little, it does not follow that the trainer will order six pounds; for this also is perhaps too much for the person who is to take it, or too little- too little for Milo, too much for the beginner in athletic exercises. It is not made once and for all, but must be made over and over again as we live our lives. This pays little attention to the source of wealth, but a positive case for wealth is that its possession is the deserved outcome of the virtue of industry or hard work. His taxonomy begins with the premise that there are three main reasons why one person might like someone else. For Aristotle the mean was a method of achieving virtue, but for Buddha the Middle Path referred to a peaceful way of life which negotiated the extremes of harsh asceticism and sensual pleasure seeking. There is certainly no evidence that Alexander's subsequent career was much influenced by Aristotle's teaching, which is uniformly critical of war and conquest as goals for human beings and which praises the intellectual, contemplative lifestyle. Addressing the moral skeptic, after all, is the project Plato undertook in the Republic: in Book I he rehearses an argument to show that justice is not really a virtue, and the remainder of this work is an attempt to rebut this thesis. For Americans today this is a legal question: anyone born in the United States or born to American citizens abroad is automatically a citizen. The correct regimes are monarchy rule by one man for the common good , aristocracy rule by a few for the common good , and polity rule by the many for the common good ; the flawed or deviant regimes are tyranny rule by one man in his own interest , oligarchy rule by the few in their own interest , and democracy rule by the many in their own interest. There are several ways to mix oligarchy and democracy, but "The defining principle of a good mixture of democracy and oligarchy is that it should be possible for the same polity to be spoken of as either a democracy or an oligarchy" b And here we see the link between ethics and politics in a different light: the role of politics is to provide an environment in which people can live fully human, ethical, and happy lives, and this is the kind of life which makes it possible for someone to participate in politics in the correct way. But enough of these topics.

Book VII of the Nicomachean Ethics is identical to Book VI of the Eudemian Ethics; for unknown reasons, the editor of the former decided to include within it both the treatment of pleasure that is unique to that work X.

The proper thing would be to obey them b The emphasis on enjoyment here is noteworthy: a virtuous friendship is one that is most enjoyable since it combines pleasure and virtue together, thus fulfilling our emotional and intellectual natures. The ease of exchange permitted by the use of money makes it possible to engage in large production projects for exchange purposes instead of for direct household use.

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Notes on Nicomachean Ethics