There were large-scale purges of Bonapartists from the government and military, and a brief "White Terror" in the south of France claimed victims. France did pay European claims, but refused to pay the United States.
Louis XVIII fled Paris, but the one thing that would have given the emperor mass support, a return to the revolutionary extremism ofwas out of the question. A group of painters known as the Impressionists also take up themes from modern life, executing primarily landscape and genre subjects with broken color and loose brushwork that reflect the transitory nature of the images they depict.
Both challenged American neutrality and tried to disrupt trade with its enemy.
He wanted to put it under an international trusteeship. The politics of the period inevitably drove France towards war with Austria and its allies.
Napoleon also recreated the nobility, but neither they nor his court had the elegance or historical connections of the old monarchy. Louis-Philippe's government decided to continue the conquest of that country, which took over a decade.
The July Monarchy, however, remained a time of turmoil. One of the first acts of Louis-Philippe in constructing his cabinet was to appoint the rather conservative Casimir Perier as the premier of that body. President Andrew Jackson was livid, In ordered the U.