Pakistan foreign policy towards afghanistan thesis

Barnett R.

afghan jihad and pakistan

Its cooperation with Washington to manage Pakistan could potentially be important, as Pakistani military cooperation, even if unavowed, will be needed to implement a cease-fire and any demobilization of Pakistan-based Taliban fighters and their integration into the Afghan security forces.

The main parties to the conflict will also have to agree on the sequencing of the troop pullout, the ceasefire, the political settlement, and long-term assistance to Afghanistan to ensure that the foreign troop withdrawal does not lead to collapse of the government, as was the case in Afghanistan after the Geneva Accords.

Pakistan foreign policy towards afghanistan thesis

And according to public opinion surveys, it is the most popular foreign country in Afghanistan, but it lacks a common border and has little leverage over the actors involved in negotiations. At present there is no agreed regional framework corresponding to the Doha talks—and neither the U. While China opposes permanent U. Turkey was represented in the said Conference with a delegation headed by H. The Taliban will have to disavow al Qaeda explicitly for the first time. The Pakistani military appears to have applied selective pressure on Taliban leaders to join the process. Turkey is co-chairing the process in , as well. Afghanistan and Pakistan have made some progress on these issues, especially in talks brokered by China, which is involved because it views instability in Pakistan and Afghanistan as a threat to its massive transcontinental infrastructure project, the Belt and Road Initiative. China has quietly pressured Pakistan to cooperate by declining to bail it out of its balance of payments crisis and increasingly siding with Afghanistan in Afghanistan-Pakistan bilateral conflicts.

The meeting furthered U. The Taliban will have to disavow al Qaeda explicitly for the first time. The goal of the Moscow Process was to orchestrate a peace process based on a consensus of Russia, Iran, Pakistan, and China that would lead to the withdrawal of U.

Pakistan afghanistan relations ppt

Stabilization of Afghanistan even after an agreement between the Taliban and the government, and a U. Indian officials also participated in the November round of the Moscow Process, the first time that India has joined a meeting with Taliban representatives, as India has long regarded the Taliban as an integral part of the terrorist networks sponsored by Pakistan with the primary goal of targeting India. The Organization of Islamic Cooperation could bring some symbolic legitimacy to an agreement with the Taliban, but it is headquartered in Saudi Arabia and largely impotent on the ground. What, if any, international military advisory or counterterrorist presence will international actors offer Afghanistan? Except for forces aligned with President Ashraf Ghani, virtually the entire Afghan male political gerontocracy was represented. Its main concern is that of any would-be hegemon: establishing stability that facilitates its economic and strategic expansion. Turkish Embassy in Kabul whose premises were a gift of King of Afghanistan, Amanullah Khan, was the first diplomatic mission inaugurated in Kabul.

China has quietly pressured Pakistan to cooperate by declining to bail it out of its balance of payments crisis and increasingly siding with Afghanistan in Afghanistan-Pakistan bilateral conflicts.

Iran, meanwhile, charges that Saudi and Emirati intelligence agencies are behind several terrorist attacks in Iran, in some cases making use of Afghan or Pakistani territory. The government refused to send direct representatives to a meeting where they would be treated as just another Afghan group, equivalent to the Taliban or the opposition.

President Ghani paid an official visit to Turkey on December Kabulov claims that he tried to advise the U. Except for forces aligned with President Ashraf Ghani, virtually the entire Afghan male political gerontocracy was represented.

pakistan afghanistan relations ppt

How will landlocked Afghanistan be integrated into the regional and global economy? Like the Taliban, these governments see the U.

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Everyone Wants a Piece of Afghanistan